The Trudeau Liberals' heavily-criticized internet censorship legislation, Bill C-11, has passed in the House and will move on to the Senate following a vote on Tuesday.
The bill passed by the count of 208 Yeas to 117 Nays, with all parties but the Conservatives voting in favour of it.
The bill picks up where Bill C-10 left off, which died on the vine after Parliament was dissolved leading up to last year's federal election.
The bill would give new powers to the CRTC by "regulat[ing] the internet and social media in the same way that it regulates national broadcasting," as it described by then-Heritage Minister Steven Guilbeault.
"The bill is about ensuring that these platforms that act like broadcasters pay their fair share when it comes to Canadian culture," said Guilbeault. "It's about spending obligations. ... It's not about content moderation," Guilbeault said.
The bill, however, has been called a "dangerous first step towards government control of the internet" by Justice Centre for Constitution Freedoms President John Carpay, who wrote that "In the long run, the CRTC could end up regulating much of the content posted on major social media, even where the content is generated or uploaded by religious, political, and charitable non-profits."
Another vocal opponent of the bill, University of Ottawa law professor Michael Geist, said that should the OSA become law, the CRTC can regulate everything from podcasts to TikTok videos as a "program."
The bill will now move to the Senate.