Data shows that 100,815 people identify as such, with 31,555 transgender-identifying biological males, 27,905 transgender-identifying biological women, and 41,355 individuals who say they are non-binary.
This is the first census that differentiates between "sex at birth" and "gender." Previous surveys asked about sex, with the 2021 asking about both "sex at birth," which it said is "determined by a person's biological characteristics," and "gender."
Statistics Canada said it would narrow gender down into two categories "to protect the confidentiality of responses provided," and they will be labeled "men+" and "women+." Each term will encompass some people who identify as non-binary.
The Liberal government added "gender identity and expression" to its list of prohibited grounds of discrimination in 2017, amending the Criminal Code to include them as an identifiable group subject to hate speech and crimes.
In Statistics Canada's mandate, they say it is aiming to develop "a Gender-Based Analysis Plus (GBA+) data hub to support evidence-based policy development and decision making, both within the federal government and beyond."